The indoor houseplant world has fallen head over heels for the beautiful monstera plant and its large slotted leaves.But did you know there are several different monstera varieties with their own variations in size, colors, and hole configuration?Here are the more common monstera varieties you’ll most likely find in your local nursery and for purchase online, along with some defining characteristics so you know what you’re buying!Note: Split-leave philodendrons are often confused for monsteras (and vice versa), so make sure to read our post on how to tell the difference between the two!This is the most common variety of monstera we all know and love, and mostly what you’ll find when you go plant shopping.It has those big, gorgeous holey leaves that are so popular in nurseries and printed home decor right now.Deliciosas tend to ruffle, pucker, or form cute little bumps where the leaf attaches to the stem, but borsigniana does not.Mature plants usually form two neat rows of holes/slits instead of growing holes in a more willy-nilly style like deliciosa.Variegated means plants that are patterned with white or cream color as well as green.These guys have very large, glossy leaves, but tend to grow slits, rather than holes, that go to the edge of the leaf.This variety is characterized by very small, heart-shaped leaves with both dark and light green coloration.This lovely variety has large, teardrop-shaped leaves with smaller holes concentrated around the central vein.The holes can take up to 90% of the paper-thin leaves, so these plants are extremely delicate and you won’t find them in nurseries.The deep green color is stunning, and these are more common than some of the more exotic monstera varieties and are still fairly easy to care for. .
Monstera Family Archives
The images of both original tetrasperma green pot and blue tetrasperma in black pot are shown in product images in the end. .
How To Care for a Monstera Deliciosa
Monstera adansonii is distinguished from M. deliciosa by having longer, tapering leaves, as well as having completely enclosed leaf holes.Monstera deliciosa leaf holes eventually grow towards the edge and open up as they mature.Monsteras, like many aroids, were made known formally to the botanical world during the early 20th century, although they had been known for much longer by the indigenous peoples of Central America.Mix in ingredients such as perlite or lava rocks to increase soil aeration as need.Treat pests as soon as they appear with weekly sprays of a natural pesticide like neem oil and regular wipe-downs of the plant.SYMPTOM: Yellowing leaves or black stems, wet potting mix. .
What's the Difference Between a Monstera and a Split-Leaf
One of the hottest houseplants of 2020 is the monstera deliciosa, also known as the swiss cheese plant for its dramatic split leaves.In fact, I purchased a monstera deliciosa from a nursery last weekend and it was actually labeled by the grower as a split-leaf philodendron.Philodendrons are a bit easier to grow and trail down from their containers like vines, which makes them great hanging plants.Monsteras don’t make great hanging plants and need a bit more sunlight than philodendrons, at least if you want their leaves to have the dramatic split-leaf pattern.In fact, a monstera that doesn’t get enough light and loses its split leaves looks quite similar to a philodendron.No matter whether you choose a monstera or philodendron or both, be sure to follow the basic rules of houseplant care including plenty of sunlight, not too much water, and attention each week. .
What Is A Monstera? Is it a Palm? A Philodendron? Aroid? Vine
Monsteras are characterized by their broad, fenestrated green leaves with splits and holes and their large, reaching aerial roots.A Monstera deliciosa is a tropical species of vine recognized for the iconic, oval holes and splits in their foliage.For instance, one of my Monsteras is still fairly young (about two-three years old) and only occasionally produces a leaf with a few splits and fenestrations.These gorgeous plants are native to Hawaii and Central America, and start out small but can grow to be huge in both your home and in the wild.In the wild, they typically attach themselves to trees or rocks, searching for sunlight after growing along the dark rainforest floor.While many vining plants stay relatively small like Pothos and Philodendron species, Monstera grows to have massive trunks, leaves, and aerial roots.In the wild, aroids are commonly found growing on the forest floor and have adapted to surviving even the harshest low light conditions.Aroids typically stay in the shade of the forest understory but occasionally receive instances of dappled sunlight.Because aroids typically do not flower but rather emphasize foliage, they collect a lot of energy, which allows them to stay beautiful and green all year long.Additionally, their typically waxy leaves allow excess rainwater to slide off and ensure the plant doesn’t accidentally drown from being overwatered.A succulent leaves’ ability to store water allows them to thrive in dry climates and endure drought for extended periods of time.They hate humidity (which is the opposite of Monsteras), and if exposed to too much moisture, their roots and fleshy leaves will rot and collapse, killing the plant.But unlike the Monstera and other aroids, newly formed succulents grow from fallen leaves instead of leaf and stem cuttings.While there are thousands of different species of palms, these trees are typically characterized by their evergreen fronds that sit on an unbranched stem.Like the Monstera, there is a lot of confusion surrounding what classifies or characterizes a palm tree, especially when many plants are incorrectly named.For the healthiest Monstera, place your plant in a room with a higher humidity level (think bathrooms, kitchens, and basements) and make sure it has access to lots of bright, but indirect light.Monsteras can survive in lower light areas but will give you more growth with better, indirect exposure to the sun. .
How to Grow and Care for Monstera Deliciosa
Common Names Split-leaf philodendron, Swiss cheese plant, windowleaf, ceriman Botanical Name Monstera deliciosa Family Araceae Plant Type Climbing evergreen Mature Size 3 ft. tall, 2-3 ft. spread Sun Exposure Bright indirect sunlight, partial shade Soil Type Peat-based potting soil, well-drained Soil pH Acid or neutral Bloom Time Mid-summer Flower Color Cream/tan Hardiness Zones 10-12 (USDA) Native Area Central America Toxicity Toxic to cats and dogs.Hardy in USDA Zones 10 through 12, Monstera deliciosa thrives year-round in warm, humid weather.Apply a balanced fertilizer three or four times a year and the plant may grow 10 feet tall or more.This evergreen prefers bright, indirect sunlight in temperatures that remain consistently between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit.Still, set indoor plants outside at least once a year in direct sunlight to encourage lush growth.Outdoors, it is suitable for light sandy, medium loamy, and heavy clay soils with acid or neutral pH.To increase humidity indoors, mist the foliage using a spray bottle of demineralized water or rainwater.Choose a balanced liquid 20-20-20 fertilizer to feed the plant every few weeks during the growing season.Trim aerial roots if they get too unruly for the space, though tucking them back into the pot is preferred.Put a dash of ground cinnamon (the usual spice you can get at the grocery store) on the mother plant where you made the cut.At that point, you can put your new plant in a pot with fresh soil and keep it moist as it establishes itself in its new home.Air layering is a preferred low-risk method because you're not making a cut in the mother plant until the baby is ready to be put in a pot with its new roots.Wrap a 1-inch layer of sphagnum moss around the point where the leaf joins the stem.Don't forget to pat ground cinnamon on the wound created on the mother plant.Wiping dust or debris off leaves with a damp sponge or paper towel will keep the plant clean and avoidant of pests.However, common pests that can invade the plant include mealybugs, aphids, thrips, scale, and spider mites.If the tips of the leaves are turning brown, that usually means the soil could be dry or you need to consistently water the plant on a schedule to keep it moist.If there's a yellow halo around the brown spots or tips, that means your plant has contracted a fungus.The fungus likely got there because of overwatering or keeping the plant in overly wet soil for too long.
Monstera Deliciosa Plant (Monstera deliciosa) in Snellville, Georgia
This houseplant performs well in both bright or indirect sunlight and strong artificial light, and can therefore be situated in almost any well-lit room or location.Be warned that parts of this plant are known to be toxic to humans and animals, so special care should be exercised if growing it around children and pets.There are many factors that will affect the ultimate height, spread and overall performance of a plant when grown indoors; among them, the size of the pot it's growing in, the amount of light it receives, watering frequency, the pruning regimen and repotting schedule.Please contact the store to speak with one of our experts if you are interested in further details concerning recommendations on pot size, watering, pruning, repotting, etc. .