ZZ Plants (Zamioculcas zamiifolia) are widely popular houseplants that are easy to grow, reaching heights of over three feet tall with proper care.Even though they are slow growers, they can eventually outgrow their current planters, or start to crowd each other for space.Whatever your reason, these plants can then be spread through your home or office for a bit of added beauty.We’ve written an entire article on the root structure of ZZ Plants that you can read here.These thin roots work like little straws, absorbing water, and nutrients from the soil.In an adult ZZ Plant, these rhizomes tend to look like potatoes, and they work a bit more like organic storage units.Their fleshy structures absorb water, allowing the plant to stay hydrated in drought conditions.Also, consider dividing the plant outside and make sure you have your gloves, planters, potting mix, and a clean, sharp blade handy.The concern over ZZ plant safety is that they create calcium oxalate, a substance made of tiny crystals found in their sap.Pets can also experience these side effects if they eat the plant or play with broken stems or leaves.Because of the cuticle, most ZZ Plant owners never get a rash, and calcium oxalate only appears if leaves or stems are broken.However, If you have sensitive skin or are worried about getting a rash, try wearing gloves when you handle your plant.To make a long story short – wear gloves, and keep babies and curious pets away from your ZZ, and you shouldn’t have to worry about a rash.Some ZZ owners may have their plant in a very thin, plastic pot like you might find at a garden center.Tipping the planter too hard could break a delicate or decorative pot, or could separate the rhizomes from the plant due to trauma.Once the plant is on its side, run your finger, or a small blade, around the inner rim of the pot.Your goal is to start separating the dirt from the edges of the planter, making it easier to gently slide the plant out.You may still need a sharp knife to accomplish this without risking damage to the plant, though you will have less to cut to make the separation.Depending on if you plan to turn your parent plant into two or three other ZZs, look over the rhizome cluster carefully.But, as we discussed earlier, these plants have a rhizome structure that absorbs water, helping them grow even in drought conditions.Sitting in moist, cold soil will eventually rot the rhizomes, which will kill the plant.You can consider using a blend of regular potting soil and cactus mix, both of which should be easy to find at a local garden center.These additives give the soil a light texture that won’t trap too much water or turn into mud.Since ZZ plants grow tall, they need a bit of structure to help them stand.Since you know that too much water is bad for a Zamioculcas zamiifolia, finding a planter with excellent drainage is critical.Multiple drainage holes allow excess water to run out of the bottom of the pot.Also, porous planter materials like concrete and terra cotta can help draw excess water from the soil, though the effect is not dramatic.But beware: planters that are too large for small plants will retain too much moisture and dry out slowly after waterings.Scale back the water usage and watch for signs of ongoing illness.Thankfully, some simple tips can help you get the most out of your plants and keep them growing strong and beautiful.Remember that a newly divided ZZ has just been through a stressful situation and keep a close watch on it.Avoid areas with hot or cold drafts or direct light as these can further stress your plant.If you’ve got more to learn, grab a copy of our book today and get your Zamiifolia Zamioculcas back on track. .
Propagating A ZZ Plant By Division: Getting 3 Plants From 1
Mine, which moved with me from California to Arizona last year, was starting to overtake its spot in the kitchen.In late winter/early spring, my ZZ Plant started putting new growth in a big way.I decided to divide it into 3 plants so 1 could stay in the kitchen, another would head to my bedroom and the 3rd would go to Lucy.First off, I ran the pruning saw around the perimeter of the root ball to loosen it from the grow pot.The plant was turned on its side and I firmly pushed on the pot to loosen the root ball even more.This all ensures that the mix will drain really well (those thick, fleshy roots & rhizomes store water so this plant is subject to rot) yet is adequately and naturally nourished.They certainly grow like a weed in these warm temps and a good dose of bright light!Your cost for the products will be no higher but Joy Us garden receives a small commission. .
How to divide a ZZ plant
Buying these hardy indoor plants is not cheap so take the time and make your own for free.These bulbs will eventually separate, and it will be ready to pull apart the plants to make new ones.Choose outdoor pots with drainage holes to allow the plant to drain well.Place a small amount of soil in the bottom of the pots to be ready for the transplant.Tip your ZZ plant onto its side and gently squeeze the pot that it is in.Take care to very gently remove the plant to avoid damaging the roots and stems.Leaving the plant without water for 2-3 weeks before repotting will mean that the soil will be dry and will drop off easily.Using a spray bottle, tap or your garden hose with a sprayer nozzle water the plant gently.Make sure you remember to remove the ties so they don’t damage the stems over time.You will have brand new plants that look fantastic and can be given away as a great gift or fill an empty, dark place in your home.If you see the pot bulging it is time to remove the plant and repot it into a new space.It is a fun activity to do with your kids or to make Christmas presents for free.You can place ZZ plants in a dark spot in your kitchen, on a book shelf or on your desk.These plants love watering once per month and some slow release fertilizer in spring. .
How to Grow and Care for ZZ Plant (Aroid Palm)
This lush, tropical perennial (also known as the aroid palm) is adaptable to infrequent waterings and all kinds of light conditions.That means you can incorporate the ZZ plant and its shiny, vibrant green leaves into many different spaces, from fluorescent-lit offices to rooms with lots of natural light.As a bonus, this species improves air quality and filters out volatile organic compounds in indoor spaces.At maturity, these plants grow 2 to 4 feet tall and wide with long, spreading compound leaves on a central shoot.While this species is easy to care for, it's also toxic to humans and animals—so be sure to keep it out of reach of children, cats, dogs, and other pets.Its rhizomes (or underground stems) store water beneath the soil to tolerate periods of drought.Check the soil moisture frequently when you first bring your plant home, then water as needed moving forward.To feed your ZZ plant, use a fertilizer diluted to half strength once a month during the spring and summer growing seasons.Feeding your plant will help encourage it to grow faster and taller to aid its typically slow growth habits.Raven ZZ is another variety, grown in North America, which features dramatic dark-purple leaves that are nearly black in color.Step 2: Using a clean, sharp blade, remove a leaflet by cutting as close to the central shoot of the leaf as possible.Step 2: Carefully remove the mother plant from its current pot by placing the container on its side.Step 3: Grasping the plant by the base of its leaves with one hand, loosen the root ball and remove excess soil.An underwatered ZZ plant will begin to turn brown with crispy or curling leaves; in this case, give it a thorough soaking while allowing excess water to drain from the pot.Increase the frequency of your watering schedule to prevent it from quickly drying out again, monitoring the top two inches of soil to ensure they feel moist.Since ZZ plants store water in their rhizomes (underground stems), overwatering is a common growing problem.If your plant is situated in an environment with little to no humidity, mist the leaves with water to offset dry air.ZZ plants don't prefer the extra-humid conditions of other tropical species; they grow best in average household humidity.While ZZ plants are mostly grown for their vibrant foliage, mature specimens will sometimes produce tiny flowers with a pale green spathe (a single leaf-life structure protruding from the flower) partially surrounding a white or pale yellow spadix (a central floral spike).Ensure your plant receives the proper water, light, and fertilizer requirements to make blooms more likely during the growing season.It typically takes this species a few years to reach its mature height of 2 to 4 feet, but especially healthy ZZ plants may grow 6 inches per month or more during spring and summer. .
5 Things I Learned From Repotting My Giant ZZ Plant, (And How To
Repotting a ZZ Plant can be quite a process if your specimen is as big as mine, or bigger!Any new experience, especially when it involves something special and important to me, I tend to go a bit extreme with my emotions!!!For example; next time I’ll chug a glass of wine before tackling a plant project this big! .
Does ZZ Plant Like To Be Root Bound? (Signs+When To Repot
The roots have displaced most of the soil, leading to a deficiency of oxygen, water, and nutrients in the plant.Repot the ZZ plant in a bigger pot to prevent further damage.ZZ plants can grow fast, and they will need a new pot every 2-3 years.It can be challenging for a beginner to identify if their ZZ plant is root bound or not.The pot has little to no soil left at the top, and roots start surfacing.Instead, use a long thin serrated knife and run it around the edges of the pot.Depending upon the root and health of your ZZ plant, you have to make a judgment call at this stage.Thus, the plant neither grows too fast nor too slow, making it easier to care for.If the environmental conditions are all right, your plant will proliferate and need repotting every two years.It is recommended to repot your ZZ plant during spring or summer as it lies in the dormant stage during winter.You will need soil and pot to fix a root bound ZZ plant.So, let’s quickly check out the requirement of the ZZ plant and get the supplies needed.ZZ plant can grow pretty big if the right conditions are provided to them.Choosing the correct pot plays a vital role in the growth of your ZZ plant.A container 2″ bigger than the current one shall be a perfect choice while repotting your ZZ plant.Apart from the pot, the growing medium, which is the soil, also plays a vital role in the plant’s growth.1 part of potting soil (I prefer miracle grow from Amazon).If you don’t want to go the DIY route, you can contact this fantastic shop at ETSY, and they will provide you with a custom mix that is perfect for your ZZ plant.Once you have found that your ZZ plant is root bound, then there are only two ways you can fix it effectively.However, before we fix our root bound snake plant, here is a quick note on its toxicity.Most houseplants, including ZZ plants, produce a chemical known as calcium oxalate that is used as a self-defense mechanism in them.In layman’s term, these are small sharp-edged crystals which can lead to irritation, rashes, and pain if touched or ingested.Thus, we need to wear a mask as well as gloves while handling our ZZ plant.A larger pot, fresh soil, and ample space to expand its root will give your ZZ plant a new life.But before we begin, here is a quick note: Watering your ZZ plant thoroughly a night before repotting will make the soil loose.Move the plant to a sink or work area to prevent the mess.Water your ZZ plant a night before dividing to loosen the soil.Fill the pot with soil and move them to a bright indirect lighting spot.Thus, make sure you grow them in an appropriate size pot with appropriate space for the roots to expand. .
Can you divide a ZZ plant?
Zamioculcas' roots are thick as they are amazing water reservoirs along with the bulbs.Carefully divide the plant into parts removing old potting mix.But if you do want to repot your zz plant, just plop them in a larger pot and prune the roots a bit to avoid them getting root-bound.Remove the ZZ plant from the pot, then divide the rhizomes carefully with your hands. .
ZZ Plant Zamioculcas zamiifolia
The plant’s slow growth makes it perfect for growing in pots, and dividing the plant is easy when it comes time to repot or make more room. .
How to Propagate a ZZ plant
ZZ plants get a bit of an unfair rep for being hard to propagate.They’re lumped in with the slow coaches, like snake plants, that CAN be propagated, so long as you don’t mind waiting a cool half year for it to root.ZZ roots are big and strong, and made short work of the plastic pot.Mine is currently in terracotta, and I haven’t checked the roots in months – I really should, since I don’t want him to burst out the pot when I’m mid-shower, two feet away from him.I like to keep the leaves well lit and the roots in the dark, so if you’re using glass containers, you might want to wrap them in paper.I’m not encouraging you to rush out and get an Aerogarden if you’re a casual propagator, but they’re a lot of fun to use, get great results, and you can grow herbs in them (I mean, you can grow anything in them, but having an Aerogarden full of herbs really makes one feel like they have their life together).So yeah, snip a two-inch cutting from your ZZ plant (the top of any stem will do), preferably with sterilised scissors (something I almost never do because I’m a terrible example of a plant blogger), remove any leaves that would be under the water, and stick in an empty pod.Tbh honest, I think they suit that look, though I get that it’s a bit of a pain if you don’t have a lot of room.Speed isn’t everything though – whilst propagating in water is quicker, you risk losing them when you’re transitioning them back into soil.I’m not great at this, but I do know that it really makes a difference to how quickly your ZZ plant will root.If you’d rather throw money at the problem, though not the couple of hundred quid required for an Aergarden, you could invest in a cheap air pump like this one, and let that oxygenate your water.If you just leave your cutting in a grim glass of water, it could take around six months to even SEE roots.I’m not in the commercial plant space, so I have no idea how strongly this is enforced, but I encourage you to research propagating and selling plants before sinking your life savings into a big ass hydroponic system.I’ve found that the combination of a small glass and a lot of leaves works well OR you can tape some string over the glass and hold the leave in place by clipping it to the string with a clothes peg.Propagating by division is one of those things that’s simple to explain but a bit of a pain in the bum to do.Sometimes, a little pup will turn up at the edge of the pot, and will slide out of the main root ball quite easily (same with snake plants).You run the risk of the pup not developing properly (especailly ZZ plants that take forever to unfurl) but if the roots are string it’ll regrow over time.ZZ plants are pretty chill about being pruned, so you don’t need to be a skilled pruner to attempt it – just hack it into a shape you like with some scissors and put the clippings in a glass of water.If you notice your ZZ looking (or smelling) a bit sad and er, rotten, take some cuttings as insurance for if you do end up killing it.And then take a look at the roots, dry out the soil (blow dryer for the win if you don’t have fresh soil/don’t want to repot) and hope.In my experience, ZZ plants take a while to produce their first set of roots, but then they progress quite quickly.I didn’t really have an option but to pot my plant up, because the roots and rhizomes were nearing a size that would put them at risk to lodging in the Aerogarden, probably forever.My ZZ plant grows very well in a mix of coir, perlite, and orchid bark, with some worm castings and charcoal tossed in for nutrition and fungicide.I have read a LOT of reports of people doing so though, and the results are…mixed as they so often are for plants that really don’t like to be overwatered.Bear in mind that this is a correlation rather than causation though – there’s often too many factors at play when moving plants from one place to another to accurately judge why one spot is better than another.Seems to be able to shake of thrips and spider mites without and issues (probably due to the thickness and waxiness of the leaves), thought mealy bugs do seem to like them.Luckily, ZZ plants don’t have the crevices that mealybugs typically use, so a few showers and a couple of sprays with a bug killer (some diluted dish soap should work) will see them off.Dieffenbachia, for example, have high levels, so not should you not ingest the leaves, but you should really be wearing gloves when you touch it.You’d have to eat a heck of a lot to do any lasting damage, but wearing gloves near them, especially when taking cuttings for propagating or pruning, isn’t a bad idea. .